Rock wrote:Was there any mention of the possibility of a GP58 or something similar?
Not that I'm aware of. And, assuming they were strictly adhering to their own naming convention, a "GP58" would've had a non-turbo 16-710. As has been discussed elsewhere in this forum, EMD has never [to the knowledge of anyone on this site] built a non-turbo 710. If they had, we can safely assume that the 16-cylinder version would've been rated at around 2500-2800 horsepower.
Beginning in 1968, their domestic locomotives ending in "9" all had 12-cylinder engines: the first was the SD39, followed by the GP39, SDL39, GP39-2, GP49, GP59, F59PH, F59PHI, etc. The GP59 is certainly the 60 Series version of the GP39 in terms of following the company's naming convention and filling that particular slot in the lineup, but clearly it's not a direct replacement in terms of horsepower. That is to be expected, considering that the horsepower race was still going on at that point in time.
As far as I can tell, the closest horsepower match for the GP39 during the 60 Series time period would've been the BL20-2, introduced in 1992. At 2000 HP it's not a perfect match, but it's the closest match I can think of. Technically they were rebuilds, but it appears that EMD was ready and willing to market them on a fairly large scale, and might have even offered them as a new-build option if railroads had been really interested (which, as it turns out, they weren't).
Other than that, the next-closest match would have been the 2800 HP GP49, which was part of the 50 Series.