Moderators: Komachi, David Benton
rail10 wrote:how european railroads differ from north american railroads in general?1. Large mileages of new tracks built in the last decade:
george matthews wrote:Were opened in the last two decades to be correct...rail10 wrote:how european railroads differ from north american railroads in general?1. Large mileages of new tracks built in the last decade:
Germany: Neubaustrecke (new build high speed routes, partly to reflect the new states after reunification); and Aufbaustrecke (rebuilt lines).
george matthews wrote: 2. Several new TGV routes in France, Switzerland, Italy, Belgium and even a short one in Britain.Don't forget the high-speed-limes in Spain!
george matthews wrote: 3. In the US where there are long distance passenger routes there is usually no more than one train a day, in most countries of Europe frequency s much more often. One or more trains an hour are common.
george matthews wrote: 4. There are very few single track main lines, and none in busy routes.If we speak about whole europe that isn't right.
george matthews wrote: 5. There are are no large cities without rail access.Hydro is not importantly outside Switzerland and Austria.
In general rail is expanding in Europe; in the US at best it is static, and often declining. The US rail suffers from decades of non-investment.
In the US the permanent rise in oil prices is going to affect the dieselised trains; in Europe electricity is largely from nuclear and hydro and so is less likely to rise in price.
george matthews wrote: Freight is a problem in Europe. Despite years of attempts by the European Commission to speed up cross border trains there are still delays. But there are new freight routes being built, such as a line in the Netherlands to Germany, and a line in Belgium to Germany.The problems are also technical. There are as many standards for electrification and siganlisation etc. as countries exist in europe...
george matthews wrote:There are major construction projects in Switzerland which will allow lorries to be carried through the Alps (Switzerland really hates having smelly diesels on its roads and ruining the forests).And trains are in competition with cars on a european-wide network of well maintained motorways (exept Poland and Norway) which permits high speeds (except in Great Britain and Sveden) and average door-to-door travel-speeds of about 65 - 70mph and more (in Germany up to 90mph!).
Long distance trains are suffering from the ultra-cheap airlines. I hope their fuel can be taxed to the same rate as terrestrial users.
One must note that most of Europe is fairly densely populated and therefore rail is more economical. Also cities are closer together than in the US.