The Railways of Iran

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rogerfarnworth
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The Railways of Iran

Post by rogerfarnworth »

This is the first of what I hope will be a few articles about the Railways of Iran. It focusses on the first line built between Tehran and Rey and operating from 1888 to around 1960-61.

http://rogerfarnworth.com/2020/03/23/ra ... o-rey-1888
I have been reading old copies of the Railway Magazine from the 1950s and 1960s. The old small format magazines somehow seem more attractive than the glossy larger format modern magazines, perhaps that is a sign of ageing!

In the January 1963 edition of the magazine there is a long article about the railways of Iran which is based on a visit in 1961 to Iran by M.H. Baker MA.

Until the 1930s, Iran was relatively isolated, but from around 1865 various European Countries had sought concessions to construct railways but the Imperial government continued to value isolation above integration.

rogerfarnworth
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Re: The Railways of Iran

Post by rogerfarnworth »

This is the next installment covering the Railways of Iran. ......

http://rogerfarnworth.com/2020/03/24/ra ... 10-to-1945
The Trans-Iranian Railway - When completed, the Trans-Iranian Railway was an immense achievement. It ran for 850 miles and linked the South and North of the country. For the first time the northern agricultural lands and the Caspian Sea ports would be linked to ports and oilfields in the south. It linked the capital Tehran with the Persian Gulf and Caspian Sea. The railway connected Bandar Shah (now: Bandar Torkaman) in the north and Bandar Shahpur (now: Bandar-e Emam Khomeyni) in the south via Ahvaz, Ghom and Tehran.

David Benton
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Re: The Railways of Iran

Post by David Benton »

Interesting read, Roger, on a country that fascinates me.
My impression on reading the war time material , was that Iran was the "Poland" of the Middle East, at the mercy of both sides.
Moderator worldwide railfan , Rail travel & trip reports
The only train trips I regret are the ones I didn't take.

rogerfarnworth
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Joined: Sat Mar 24, 2018 1:33 am

Re: The Railways of Iran

Post by rogerfarnworth »

Hi David,

It seems so, Yes. Although the country ultimately benefited from the resources expended. However, it was badly treated in the period up to the Revolution by those in power at the time.

Bets wishes
Roger

rogerfarnworth
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Joined: Sat Mar 24, 2018 1:33 am

Re: The Railways of Iran

Post by rogerfarnworth »

The rule of the Shah in the 1970s became increasingly authoritarian. The royal family appropriated a large amount of the country's income for themselves and gradually the clerics became less and less content with the ruling classes. The result, as we know, was major political change at the end of the decade.
My recollections of the 1960s are vague. As a child I was almost entirely focussed on my immediate environment. The 1970s were a different matter. Events in the Middle East and in Iran began to intrude on my childhood. New of conflicts in Palestine and in the wider region became part of my consciousness.

Many of us will be aware that Shah left Iran for exile in January 1979, as the last Persian monarch, leaving his duties to a regency council and Shapour Bakhtiar who was an opposition-based prime minister. Ayatollah Khomeini was invited back to Iran by the government, and returned to Tehran to be greeted by several million Iranians.
The railways continued to serve the country and saw some significant developments during the decade.

I hope you find this next article interesting. ...

http://rogerfarnworth.com/2020/03/30/ra ... rt-4-1970s

David Benton
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Location: New Zealand

Re: The Railways of Iran

Post by David Benton »

Thanks Roger. Interesting .
I'll look forward to the eighties, when I tried to visit Iran , but was turned back at the border. i'll save that story for your Eighties installment !
Moderator worldwide railfan , Rail travel & trip reports
The only train trips I regret are the ones I didn't take.

rogerfarnworth
Posts: 288
Joined: Sat Mar 24, 2018 1:33 am

Re: The Railways of Iran

Post by rogerfarnworth »

While undertaking the research for these articles on the railways in Iran. I was delighted to find some material in a number of European language posted on a thread about the Railways of Iran on the SJK Postvagen forum. This next post is numbered out of sequence as I have already begun work of the period from the 1980s onwards, but the material is really interesting (in my view). I have had to use Google Translate to get the first draft of the different papers referred to in the link article and then I have had to clarify or paraphrase a number of things to make the text work in English. ....

http://rogerfarnworth.com/2020/04/03/ra ... llection-a

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